Carbo-Loading References

The following references were used in the article carbo-loading for endurance

Carbohydrate-loading References

Chryssanthopoulos C and Williams C. (1997) Pre-exercise carbohydrate meal and endurance running capacity when carbohydrates are ingested during exercise. Int J Sports Med 18: 543–548, 1997.

DeMarco HM, Sucher KP, Cisar CJ, (1999) Butterfield GE: Pre-exercise carbohydrate meals: application of glycemic index. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999, 31:164-170.

Febbraio MA, Keenan J, Angus DJ, Campbell SE, Garnham AP. (2000) Preexercise carbohydrate ingestion, glucose kinetics, and muscle glycogen use: effect of the glycemic index. J Appl Physiol. 2000 Nov;89(5):1845-51.

Jamurtas AZ, Tofas T, Fatouros I, Nikolaidis MG, Paschalis V, Yfanti C, Raptis S, Koutedakis Y. (2011) The effects of low and high glycemic index foods on exercise performance and beta-endorphin responses. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2011 Oct 20;8:15. doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-8-15.

Little JP, Chilibeck PD, Ciona D, Vandenberg A, Zello GA. (2009) The effects of low- and high-glycemic index foods on high-intensity intermittent exercise. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2009 Sep;4(3):367-80.

Moore LJ, Midgley AW, Thomas G, Thurlow S, McNaughton LR. (2009) The effects of low- and high-glycemic index meals on time trial performance. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2009 Sep;4(3):331-44.

Neufer PD, Costill DL, Flynn MG, Kirwan JP, Mitchell JB, and Houmard J. (1987) Improvements in exercise performance: effects of carbohydrate feedings and diet. J Appl Physiol 62: 983–988, 1987.

Saltin B., Hermansen L. (1967) Glycogen stores and prolonged severe exercise. In: Blix G., editor. Nurition and Physical Activity. Vol. 5. Almquist and Wiksell; Stockhol, Sweden: 1967. pp. 32–46.

Schabort EJ, Bosch AN, Weltan SM, and Noakes T. (1999) The effect of a preexercise meal on time to fatigue during prolonged cycling exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 31: 464–471, 1999.

Wee S.L., Williams C., Tsintzas K., Boobis L. (2005) Ingestion of a high-glycemic index meal increases muscle glycogen storage at rest but augments its utilization during subsequent exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 2005;99:707–714.

Sherman WM, Brodowicz G, Wright DA, Allen WK, Simonsen JC, and Dernbach A. (1989) Effects of 4 h preexercise carbohydrate feedings on cycling performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 21: 598–604, 1989.

Siu PM, Wong SH. (2004) Use of the glycemic index: effects on feeding patterns and exercise performance. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2004 Jan;23(1):1-6.

Thomas DE, Brotherhood JR, Brand JC. (1991) Carbohydrate feeding before exercise: effect of glycemic index. Int J Sports Med. 1991 Apr;12(2):180-6.

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