Physiology of Endurance Performance

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The physiology of endurance performance section provides detailed information on the key components of endurance exercise performance including the VO2max, the lactate threshold, the sustainable % VO2max, the velocity at VO2max, and exercise economy/economy of motion

Exercise Economy / Economy Of Motion

The economy of motion relates to the quantity of oxygen (ml.kg.min-1) required to move at a given speed or generate a specific amount of power. It has been shown to be an important predictor of endurance exercise performance in a number of endurance sports...

Lactate Threshold

The Lactate Threshold (also known as maximum lactate steady state [MLSS], anaerobic threshold, or onset of blood lactate accumulation [OBLA]) represents the point at which blood lactate begins to rise above baseline levels during exercise. It is considered...

Sustainable Percent VO2max

The Sustainable % VO2max is the percent of VO2max that can be sustained during a race. As race distance increases the % VO2max that can be sustained decreases - typically well trained athletes can run at close to 100% VO2max during a 5km race (~98% VO2max)...

The Velocity at VO2max (vVO2max)

The vVO2max is the minimum velocity at which the maximal oxygen uptake or VO2max occurs. The vVO2max would normally be assessed using an incremental exercise test. The test involves measuring oxygen consumption over a number of incremental stages until...

VO2max / What is the VO2max?

The VO2max or maximal oxygen uptake is a key physiological measure of cardiovascular fitness and can help to explain differences in sporting performance between individuals. It tells us the maximum amount of oxygen that our bodies are able to consume...

What is Endurance?

Endurance can be defined as the ability to withstand stress over prolonged periods of time. An endurance sport is therefore any sport in which there is a prolonged physical stress.
Endurance Sport Requirements
The main requirement is the ability to...